Developing Skills, Developing India

Indo-German Program for Vocational Education and Training (IGVET)

Capacitate India’s youth to turn the country into a global skills hub by improving the workplace-based cooperative vocational Education and Training (VET) system

More than 250 million young people are expected to join the Indian labour market in the next 15 years. At the same time, India’s ambition to become a globally leading manufacturing hub requires sufficient, qualified workers. The current vocational education and training (VET) system in India does not deliver a workforce of adequate quality and quantity, causing a shortage of skilled workers that threatens to undermine efforts of the industry to innovate and to enhance productivity.

In order to address the existing challenge, IGVET promotes the active involvement of private enterprises for establishing a demand-driven, workplace-based VET in India. The idea is to combine theoretical knowledge from a school-based environment with practical knowledge from learning at the workplace. The project takes inspiration from the German dual vocational training system and incorporates elements of the German system into the Indian VET context.

The Result: The private sector actors will take the lead in the design and implementation of cooperative VET programmes. The vocational skills of cooperative VET graduates, both women and men, will enhance their employability and match the needs of the industry. The programme will contribute to India’s target of preparing 400 million people for the labour market by 2022.


The project focuses on public and private sector engagement and integrates gender equality in its approach. Following the principle of learning-by-doing, IGVET supports the implementation of high-quality, cooperative VET programmes in three industrial clusters: the auto-motive components cluster in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, the electronics and manufacturing cluster in Bangalore, Karnataka, and the energy efficient construction cluster in Bhiwadi, Rajasthan. Various pilot measures, for e.g. analysis of training needs, design of cooperative VET courses, training of trainers, career guidance programmes, awareness on apprenticeships and related schemes are executed in the clusters. Three new clusters in Mumbai (Retail and E-Commerce, Pune (Green Energy) and Hyderabad (Life Sciences) are being established.


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